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The son of the principal (Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya)

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah
From the Introduction to al-Fawaa'id (pp. 5-7)
He is one of the well known classical scholars of Islam. He was particularly influenced by his Shaykh and teacher Imam Ibn Taymiyyah, and also by Ibn ash-Shirazi amongst others.
The Imâm became well-known with the title 'Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah' because his father was the principal of the 'al-Jawziyyah' school in Damascus. As for his name, it is Shamsud-Deen, Aboo 'Abdullaah, Muhammad the sond of Aboo Bakr the son of Ayoob az-Zura'ee (an ascription to Azra' which is in the south of Syria), then Dimashqee, Hanbalee.
He was born on the 7th of Safar in the year 691H (1292 CE), and was raised in a house of knowledge and excellence. This offered him the chance to take knowledge from the senior scholars of his time, a time when the various sciences of knowledge flourished. He studied under ash-Shibaab an-Naabilisee, Aboo Bakr ibn 'Abdud-Daa'im, al-Qadee Taqeeyud-Deen Sulaiman, 'Eesa al-Mut'im, Faatimah bint Jawhar, Aboo Nasr al-Bahaa' ibn Asakir, 'Alaa'ud-Deen al-Kindee, Muhammad ibn Abdul-Fath al-Ba'labakkee, Ayyoob ibn al-Kamaal and al-Qaadee Badrud-Deen ibn Jamaa'ah.
He took knowledge of the laws of inheritance from Ismaa'eel ibn Muhammad and read the Arabic language to Abdul-Fath al-Ba'labakkee and al-Majd al-Toonisee. He studied fiqh with a certain groups of scholars, amongst them being Ismaa'eel ibn Muhammad al-Harraanee, and he took Usool al-Fiqh from as-Safee al-Hindee. As for his greatest teacher and his shaikh whom he accompanied for seventeen years of his life, and who left the greatest impact upon him - then that is the Imâm, the Mujaddid (Reviver), Taqeeyud-Deen Ibn Taymiyah. Ibn al-Qayyim took the same methodology as him and traversed his path in waging war against the people of Innovations and Desires and those who deviated from the religion.
As for his own students, then they are many. Amongst them were his son 'Abdullaah; Ibn Katheer - the author of Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah; the Imâm and Haafidh, 'Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Rajab al-Baghdaadee, al-Hanbalee - the author of Tabaqaatul-Hanaabilah; and also Shamsud-Deen Muhammad 'Abdul-Qaadir an-Naabilisee.
Ibn al-Qayyim lived in a time in which there was strife and internal confusion and chaos, as well as an external threat which was menacing the Islamic state. For this reason, he used to order with holding fast to the Book of Allâh and the Sunnah of the Messenger (SAAS), and the rejection of separation and disunity. Amongst his goals was the purging of the religion from the innovations and desires and returning it to its pure and original fountains. So he called for the destruction of the madhab of blind-following (taqleed), a return to the madhab of the Salaf and traversing upon their way and methodology. [The last sentence may be construed incorrectly by people, and for a proper discussion as to the manhaj of the salaf regarding taqleed refer to the fiqh section. Because of this we see that he did not restrict himself to the Hanbalee madhab and often he would take the opinion and view of one of the various mahdabs, or sometimes he may have had an opinion which confliucts with the opinion of the all the other madhabs. Thus, his madhab was ijtihaad and the rejection of taqleed [and this is the position with all the scholars of past and present but not that of the common person or muqallid]. As a result of this he incurred great harm and was imprisoned with his Shaikh, Ibn Taymiyah, in the same prison, though in isolation from him. He was not released from the prison until after the death of the Shaikh. [The previous sentence may seem to indicate that they were imprisoned because of their not following a madhab, yet their imprisonment had more to do with their aqeedah, which was deemed to be deviant by the many powerful and ignorant scholars of the time, may Allâh have mercy upon them]
He took to teaching and giving verdicts for a number of years and (all) the people without exception benefitted from him. The scholars also testified to his knowledge and piety. Ibn Hajr said about him, "He had a courageous heart, was vast in knowledge and was well acquainted with the differences (of opinion) and the madhabs of the Salaf." Shaykhul-Islâm, Muhammad ibn 'Alee ash-Shawkaanee said, "He restricted (himself) to the (most) authentic of evidences, and admired acting upon them. He did not depend upon opinion (ra'y), would overcome (others) with the truth and would not be harsh with anyone with respect to it."
Ibn Katheer said, "He was attached to occupying himself with knowledge, day and night. He would pray and recite the Qur'an much and was of excellent character, and showed great affection and friendship. He would not be jealous or envious." Ibn Katheer also said, "I do not know, in this time of ours, anyone in the world whose worship is greater than his, He used to have a particular manner with respect to the prayer. He would lengthen it a great deal, would extend its bowing and prostrating. Many of his associates would censure him at times but he would never return and leave alone this (action of his), may Allâh have mercy upon him."
Mulla 'Alee al-Qaaree said, "And whoever investigates the book Sharh Manaazilus-Saa'ireen (i.e., Madaarijus-Saalikeen), it will become plain and clear to him that both of them (meaning Ibn al-Qayyim and Ibn Taymiyah) were amongst the most senior from Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah and amongst the Awliyaa' (of Allâh) of this Ummah." Al-Haafidh as-Suyootee said, "And he became one of the senior scholars in exegesis (tafseer), hadeeth, usool, subsidiary matters (furoo') and Arabic language."
He authored and compiled in the field of fiqh, usool, biography (siyar), history and the sciences of hadeeth. Alongsde this he was a linguist, well-acquainted with grammar. He also wrote much poetry.
He passed on to the mercy of His Lord at the latter time of Ishaa', on the night of Thursday, 13th of Rajab in the year 751H (1350 CE) and was buried at the foot of Mount Qaasiyoon by Damascus, leaving behind many written works, amongst the most famous of which are:
  • Shifaa'ul-Aleel
  • Miftaah Daarus-Sa'aadah
  • Zaad al-Ma'aad fee Haydi Khairil-'Ibaad
  • Haadiyul-Arwaah ilaa Bilaadil-Afraah
  • Ighaathatul-Lahfaan fee Hukm Talaaq al-Ghadbaan
  • Al-Jawaab al-Kaafee liman Sa'ala 'an Dawaa'ish-Shaafee
  • Madaarijus-Saalikeen fee Manaazilis-Saa'ireen
  • Tahdheeb Sunan Abee Daawood
  • As-Sawaa'iqul-Mursalah 'alal-Jahmiyyah wal-Mu'attilah
  • Raf' Yadain fis-Salaat
  • Kitaabul-Kabaa'ir
  • Hukm Taarikus-Salaat
  • Al-Kalimut-Tayyib wal-'Amal us-Saalih
  • Sharh Asmaa'il-Husnaa
  • A'laam al-Muqaqqi'een 'an Rabbil-'Aalameen
May Allâh have mercy upon this great and noble Imâm, benefit the world by him and elevate his position, rank after rank, in the Hereafter. Aameen.
Read in Urdu Here Below

ابن قیم

علامہ ابن قیم کا پورا نام حافظ شمس الدین ابو عبداللہ محمد بن ابی بکر بن ایوب بن سعد بن حریز الزرعی الدمشقی تھا اور ابن قیم کے نام سے مشہور ہؤۓ، چھ سو اکیانوے (۶۹۱) ھ میں دمشق کے قریب زرع نامی گاؤں میں ولادت ہوئی، شیخ الاسلام ابن تیمیہ کے شاگردوں میں سے ہیں جن کے ساتھ آپ چھبیس سالوں تک مستقل ساتھ رھے ۔
آپ کی تصانیف کی تعداد ساٹھ سے زیادہ ہے جن میں مثال کے طورپر مندرجہ ذیل کا نام لیا جا سکتا ہے؛۔
اعلام المعوقین
اغاثۃ اللھفان
تہذیب سنن ابی داؤد
زاد المعاد
کتاب الکبائر مکمل
کتاب الکبائر جزوی
الصواعق المرسلۃ
الطب النبوی
بدایع الفواید
کتاب الروح
اجتماع الجیوش الاسلامیۃ
تلبیس ابلیس
آپ کی وفات 23 رجب 751 ھ کو ہوئی۔
Friday, October 03, 2014 - By M. Amir

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Tuesday, January 14, 2014 - By Ali Hasan

Imam Ibn Hajar Asqalani

Biography سوانحی خاکہ
Englishانگریزی Urdu اردو  
  Abul Fadl Shihab al-Din Ahmad ibn Ali al-Kannani al-Asqalani , better known by the name of Imam Ibn Hajar, was born in Cairo in 773/1372. He began his studies at the age of five and completed the memorisation of the Quran by the age of nine.A Shafi'i scholar and hadith master, he studied under renowned scholars in Cairo, Yemen and the Hijaz. Known as Shaykh al-Islam, scholars travelled from far away lands to take in knowledge from him. He authored many works on hadith, history, biography, Quranic exegesis, poetry and Shafi'i jurisprudence; among the most famous of them is his fourteen-volume commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari called Fath al-Bari. He passed away in Cairo in 852/1449. حافظ ابن حجر عسقلانی ایک نامور فقیہہ،محدث اور مورخ تھے وہ 1372 عیسی بمطابق773 ہجری میں پیدا ہوئے انہوں نے حصول علم کے شوق میں متعدد بار شام، مصر، یمن اور حجاز کا سفر کیا اور اسی باعث وہ حافظ عصر کے لقب سے معروف ہوئے انکا تعلق شافعی فقہ سے تھا اور وہ علم حدیث میں سند شمار کئے جاتے ہیں۔ انکی تصانیف کی تعداد 150 سے زائد ہے انکا انتقال 1440 عیسوی بمطابق 852 ہجری میں ہوا انکی کتب کی مختصر فہرست درج ذیل ہے
Some of his works include
تصانیف و تالیفات
1. Fath ul Baari fi Sharh Sahih Bukhari: A commentary on the superb collection of Hadith by Imam Muhammad ibn Ismail Al-Bukhari. The most famous and well-informative commentary on Sahih Bukhari.
  2. Bulugh Maram min adillatil ahkaam: [English: Attainment of the objective according to evidence of the ordinances]. A very popular book on Hadith as it relates to finding evidence for basic Islamic jurisprudence. Al Haafidh Ibn Hajr Al-Asqalani was a prominent Qadi in Egypt as well as in Ash-Sham for twenty-one years. He was humble, tolerant, and patient. He was described to be hilarious, steadfast, prudent, ascetic, selfless, generous, charitable, and he spent much time in voluntary prayer and fasting. Those who came to know him praised him of his high standard of good mannerisms in dealing with rulers, Imaams, as well as those who sat with him young or old.
  • الاصابہ فی تمييز الصحابہ
  • فتح الباری شرح صحیح البخاری
  • تهذيب التهذيب
  • تقريب التهذيب
  • المطالب العالیہ بزوائد المسانید الثمانیہ
  • بلوغ المرام من ادلۃ الاحكام
The tomb of Imam Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani-(RA)
Sunday, December 08, 2013 - By Ali Hasan

Ata Allah al Iskandari

Taj ad-Din Abu’l-Fadl Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abd al-Karim b. Ata’ Allah al-Iskandari, al-Judhami ash-Shadhili, known simply as Ibn ‘Ata’ Allah, was born in Alexandria, Egypt, as his nisbah indicates, about the middle of the seventh/thirteenth century. His family were renowned Maliki scholars from the Banu Judham tribe, originally from Arabia. His grandfather, Abd al-Karim (d. 612 AH/1216 AD) haddistinguished himself as an expert in fiqh, usul (principles of jurisprudence), and Arabic, having studied under the famous Abu’l-Hasan al-Abyari. He had written several books, among which were al-Bayin wa’t-Taqrib fi Sharh at-Tahdhib, Mukhtasar at-Tahdhib, and Mukhtasar al-Mufassal, and had been very hostile to Suflism.

ابن عطاء اللہ اسکندری فقہہ مالکی کے شاذلی طریقت پیر طریقت تھے جن کا لقب قطب العارفین تھا۔ انکی پیدائش اور بچپن اسکندریہ میں گزرا جبکہ وفات قاہرہ میں 1309 عیسوی کو ہوئی۔انہوں نے ذکر کے موضوع پر شہرہ آفاق کتاب مفتاح الفلاح ومصباح الأرواح في ذكر الله الكريم الفتاح تصنیف کی۔
Monday, November 25, 2013 - By Ali Hasan

Ahmad bin Muhammad ibn Ajibah

Ahmad ibn Ajiba (1747–1809) was an 18th-century Moroccan saint in the Darqawa Sufi Islamic lineage. He was born of a Hasani sharif family in the Anjra tribe that ranges from Tangiers to Tetuan along the Mediterranean coast of Morocco. As a child he developed a love of knowledge, memorizing the Qur'an and studying subjects ranging from Classical Arabic grammar, religious ethics, poetry, Qur'anic recitation and tafsir. When he reached the age of eighteen he left home and undertook the study of exoteric knowledge in Qasr al-Kabir under the supervision of Sidi Muhammad al-Susi al-Samlali. It was here that he was introduced to studies in the sciences, art, philosophy, law and Qur'anic exegesis in depth. He went to Fes to study with Ibn Souda, Bennani, and El-Warzazi, and joined the new Darqawiyya in 1208 AH (1793), of which he was the representative in the northern part of the Jbala region. He spent his entire life in and around Tetuan, and died of the plague in 1224 AH (1809). He is the author of a considerable number of works and a Fahrasa which provides interesting information concerning the intellectual center that Tetuan had become by the beginning of the 19th century.
احمد بن عجیبہ اٹھارویں صدی عیسوی میں مراکشی نژاد صوفی تھے۔ وہ طنجة -- تطوان  کے ایک قبیلے کے فرد تھے۔ بچپن میں ہی انہوں نے اپنی فطری علم دوست طبیعت کی بنا پر قرآن حفظ کرلیا اور کم سنی میں ہی بہت سے علوم جیسا کہ عربی ادب، صرف و نحو ، انشاءپردازی پر عبور حاصلی کرلیا۔ بعد ازاں 18 سال کی عمر میں انہوں نے مزید تعلیم کے حصول کیلئے گھر چھوڑا اور محمد السوسي السملالي,  الشيخ عبد الرحمن الكتامي، الشيخ العربي الزوادي اورالفقيه محمد أشم والشيخ جیسے علماء کرام کے پاس زانوئے تلمذ تہہ کیا۔ اور سائنس، فنون، فلسفہ، قانون، شریعت اور قرآن کے علوم میں رسوخ حاصل کیا۔ انہوں اپنی عمر کا بیشتر حصہ تطوان کے مضافات میں ہی گزارا۔ ان کا انتقال 1224 ہجری بمطابق 1809 عیسوی میں طاعون کی وبا پھیلنے کی وجہ سے ہوا۔ انہوں نے نہائت  اعلیٰ درجہ کی کتب تحریر کیں جو کہ سند کے اعتبار سے بھی اعلیٰ مقام کی حامل ہیں۔
Monday, November 25, 2013 - By Ali Hasan

Ibn Abi al-Dunya

Hafiz Abu Bakr, 'Abdullah bin Muhammad bin 'Ubaid bin Sufyan bin Abu Ad-Dunya Al-Qurashi Al-Baghdadi, the freed slave of Banu Umaiya, was born in 208 H. He was a Muhaddith and truthful 'Aalim. He wrote some books and educated more than one of the caliphs' sons like Al-Mu'tadid. Ibn Abu Ad-Dunya died in Jumada Al-Ula, 281 H. Ibn Abi Dunya, like his contemporaries, Bukhari and Muslim and others narrates every hadith with a continuous chain of narrators, usually containing five or six narrators. Some of the ahadith he narrates are also found in the six famous hadith books. Ibn Abi Dunya was a deeply spiritual man and someone who was deeply concerned about the growing worldliness of Muslims of his time. If Ibn Abi Dunya lamented about the people in his day and age, the ninth century.
الحافظ أبو بكر بن عبد الله بن محمد بن عبيد بن سفيان بن قيس البغدادي الأموي القرشي جن کا لقب ابن ابی دنیا تھابنو امیہ کےایک آزاد کردئے گئے غلام تھے۔ وہ سنہ 208 ہجری میں پیدا ہوئے وہ ایک محدث اور بہترین عالم تھے، انہوں نے چند کتب بھی تحریر کیں اور خلیفہ وقت کے ایک بیٹے کے بھی استاد تھے، وہ جمادی الاول 281 ہجری میں فوت ہوئے۔ احادیث کی 6 کتابوں میں انکی بیان کردہ احادیث بھی ملتی ہیں۔
Sunday, October 23, 2011 - By Ali Hasan

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