Ata Allah al Iskandari

Monday, November 25, 2013 - By Ali Hasan

Taj ad-Din Abu’l-Fadl Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abd al-Karim b. Ata’ Allah al-Iskandari, al-Judhami ash-Shadhili, known simply as Ibn ‘Ata’ Allah, was born in Alexandria, Egypt, as his nisbah indicates, about the middle of the seventh/thirteenth century. His family were renowned Maliki scholars from the Banu Judham tribe, originally from Arabia. His grandfather, Abd al-Karim (d. 612 AH/1216 AD) haddistinguished himself as an expert in fiqh, usul (principles of jurisprudence), and Arabic, having studied under the famous Abu’l-Hasan al-Abyari. He had written several books, among which were al-Bayin wa’t-Taqrib fi Sharh at-Tahdhib, Mukhtasar at-Tahdhib, and Mukhtasar al-Mufassal, and had been very hostile to Suflism.

ابن عطاء اللہ اسکندری فقہہ مالکی کے شاذلی طریقت پیر طریقت تھے جن کا لقب قطب العارفین تھا۔ انکی پیدائش اور بچپن اسکندریہ میں گزرا جبکہ وفات قاہرہ میں 1309 عیسوی کو ہوئی۔انہوں نے ذکر کے موضوع پر شہرہ آفاق کتاب مفتاح الفلاح ومصباح الأرواح في ذكر الله الكريم الفتاح تصنیف کی۔

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